A pallet is a flat structure that is used for shipping and transport, and also makes it possible to move unit loads more cost effectively, safely and ergonomically. The use of the pallet, as we know it today, was developed during the Second World War. Pallets are usually made of wood, plastic or metal and the choice of pallet usually depends on the load and the environment it is being used in.
What is the standard pallet size?
International standard sizes don’t really exist because pallet definitions, construction standards and terminologies vary enormously from country to country. However national standards and unofficial branch standard sizes are common so contact with your local association or organization for more information..
Not all industrial forklift truck types are compatible with all types of pallets – be sure to check pallet dimensions and load size (including overhang) before specifying your requirements on forks.
Weight and content of unit loads affect the centre of gravity, and the residual capacity of the industrial forklift truck required for stacking.
Sizes of wooden pallets often vary from country to country, depending on usage. However, the most common pallet size used in Europe is 1200 x 800 mm.
Also known as a 4-way entry pallet, Block pallet or Euro pallet
Consist of a block construction with bottom boards on 2 sides and the centre. 2-way open entry and 2-way entry across bottom boards which give possibility to a 4-way entry. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of industrial trucks on the open entry sides and shaped corners and bottom boards to make it easier to enter the pallet.
This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in Europe (except in the UK)
Also known as a Chep pallet, 4-way entry pallet, block pallet, bottom board pallet or GKN pallet.
Consists of a block construction with bottom boards on all 4 sides and centre. 4-way entry is possible, all across the bottom boards.
Easy pallet handling with virtually all types of forklift trucks although it is not possible to use a fork-over-support arm stacker. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.
This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in the UK.
Also known as a 4-way entry pallet, Block & bearer pallet, Bottom board pallet, Grocery pallet, GMA pallet (USA) or CPC pallet (CDA)
This is a block and side bearer (with fork cut-outs) construction. 2-way open entry and 2-way entry across bottom boards which give possibility to a 4 way entry. Hand- and electric pallet trucks and support arms trucks with elevating support arms can be used for horizontal transport.
Low profile forks like hand pallet truck (low fork height), reach, straddle or CB trucks need to pick this pallet up from the bearer side. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.
This type of pallet is a very common pallet type in North America, Africa and Asia
Also known as a 2-way entry pallet, block & bearer pallet or bottom board pallet
This is a block construction with side and centre bearers and with the possibility of 2-way entry only. Makes handling easy with virtually all types of forklift trucks although it is not possible to use a fork-over-support arm stacker. Shaped bottom boards make it easier for the truck forks to enter the pallet.
This is a very common pallet type in Africa and Asia.
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